About | TeachTapin


About TeachTapin

TeachTapin founder, Sandra Fox, is severely dyslexic, so she knows all too well that the ‘normal’ methods of teaching do not always work.

Through TeachTapin we offer an alternative for students, teachers and professionals who require a helping hand with Specific Learning Difficulties including Dyslexia and overlapping disabilities such as Irlen Syndrome and ADHD.

The TeachTapin method is simple; a holistic approach to learning and teaching where we work with our clients, to enable them to take ownership of their work.

We work with many of the leading assistive technology companies and provide support through private tuition and to students in higher education who are funded through the Disabled Students Allowance as part of SFE.

Sandra Fox, Founder & CEO


My name is Sandra Fox and I have over twenty years experience working in both further and higher education.  My company, TeachTapin, specialise in providing support to individuals who require a helping hand to reach their full potential.

Despite being severely dyslexic, dyspraxic and having irlen syndrome, I have gone from an SEN education to becoming a qualified teacher and providing students with the tools that they need to progress through education and employment.


Assistive Technology is a term covering a wide area, from specialist software such as Text-To-Speech, Speech-To-Text and Mindmapping applications to ergonomic hardware and peripherals. 
SpLD stands for Specific Learning Difficulty and can refer to a number of different learning difficulties or disabilities.  These include Dyslexia & ADHD, more information on the various types of SpLD can be found below.
‘Spikey Profile’ is an umbrella term used by TeachTapin to empower individuals affected by Specific Learning Difficulties.  

Dyslexia is a spectrum disorder, with symptoms ranging from mild to severe. People with dyslexia have particular difficulty with:

  • phonological awareness
  • verbal memory
  • rapid serial naming
  • verbal processing speed

Dyspraxia is an impairment or immaturity of the organisation of movement and motor co-ordination. Those with dyspraxia are often described as clumsy and may have little sense of direction. Dyspraxia can affect balance control. The broader implications of dyspraxia are that it affects self-organisation, time management and attention span.

Dyspraxia/dysgraphia affect approximately two in every 100 people with males identified four times more than girls. It may accompany dyslexia or another disability, although those with dyspraxia/dysgraphia may also be very capable at reading and writing.

Dyscalculia is a condition that affects the ability to acquire arithmetical skills. Dyscalculic learners may have difficulty understanding simple number concepts, lack an intuitive grasp of numbers, and have problems learning number facts and procedures.

Dyscalculia is like dyslexia for numbers. But unlike dyslexia, very little is known about its prevalence, causes or treatment. People with dyscalculia experience great difficulty with the most basic aspects of numbers and arithmetic.

Somewhere between 3% and 6% of the population are affected.

Dysgraphia is the term applied to those whose difficulties are confined to the fine motor skills required for handwriting. Dysgraphia is usually linked with Dyspraxia.

Dyspraxia/dysgraphia affect approximately two in every 100 people with males identified four times more than girls. It may accompany dyslexia or another disability, although those with dyspraxia/dysgraphia may also be very capable at reading and writing.

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a group of behavioural symptoms that include inattentiveness, hyperactivity and impulsiveness.

Common symptoms of ADHD include:

  • a short attention span or being easily distracted
  • restlessness, constant fidgeting or overactivity
  • being impulsive

ADHD can occur in people of any intellectual ability, although it is more common in people with learning difficulties. People with ADHD may also have additional problems, such as sleep and anxiety disorders.

Symptoms of ADHD tend to be first noticed at an early age, and may become more noticeable when a child’s circumstances change, such as when they start school. Most cases are diagnosed in children between the ages of 6 and 12.

The symptoms of ADHD usually improve with age, but many adults who are diagnosed with the condition at a young age will continue to experience problems.

Irlen Syndrome is a specific type of perceptual problem that affects the way the brain processes visual information. It is not an optical problem.

For those with Irlen Syndrome, the brain is unable to process full spectral light. This results in:

A range of distortions in the environment.
A range of distortions on the printed page.
Physical and behavioural symptoms.

It is exacerbated by environmental factors such as lighting, brightness, glare, high contrast, patterns and colours. Irlen Syndrome affects people of all ages.

Irlen UK state that studies have shown that 12-15% of the population are affected by Irlen Syndrome. However, it is largely undiagnosed because:

  • it is not an obvious problem.
  • it is not identified by standard visual and medical examinations or by educational and psychological assessments.
  • sufferers think that the perceptual distortions that they experience are “normal”. They assume that everyone else perceives the page and the environment as they do and also experience the same physical discomfort.

The main symptoms of Irlen Syndrome are listed below.

  • AD(H)D
  • Attention and concentration
  • Behaviour
  • Brightness and glare
  • Depth perception and spatial awareness
  • Distortions of words
  • Distortions in the environment
  • Dyslexic type problems
  • Effects on reading
  • Effects on writing
  • Effects on music and maths
  • Headaches & migraines
  • Physical symptoms and discomfort
  • Poor motivation
  • Reading Problems
  • Sensitivity to certain colours and patterns
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Stress and work performance
  • Underachievement

Asperger syndrome is a form of autism, which is a lifelong disability that affects how a person makes sense of the world, processes information and relates to other people. Autism is often described as a ‘spectrum disorder’ because the condition affects people in many different ways and to varying degrees. (For more information about autism, please read our leaflet What is autism?)

Asperger syndrome is mostly a ‘hidden disability’. This means that you can’t tell that someone has the condition from their outward appearance. People with the condition have difficulties in three main areas. They are:

  • social communication
  • social interaction
  • social imagination.

They are often referred to as ‘the triad of impairments’ and are explained in more detail on page 3.

While there are similarities with autism, people with Asperger syndrome have fewer problems with speaking and are often of average, or above average, intelligence. They do not usually have the accompanying learning disabilities associated with autism, but they may have specific learning difficulties. These may include dyslexia and dyspraxia or other conditions such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and epilepsy.

With the right support and encouragement, people with Asperger syndrome can lead full and independent lives.

© TeachTapin 2019